Deglutição no envelhecimento e a odontologia

  • Rafaela Soares Rech Programa de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia, Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil
  • Bárbara Niegia Garcia de Goulart Programa de Pós-Graduação em Epidemiologia, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil
  • Alexandre Baumgarten Programa de Pós-Graduação em Epidemiologia, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil
  • Juliana Balbinot Hilgert Programa de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia, Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil / Programa de Pós-Graduação em Epidemiologia, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.

Resumo

As alterações morfológicas e funcionais que atingem o sistema estomatognático podem ser agravadas por perdas de dentes e utilização de prótese dentária, que comprometem o ato mastigatório e a deglutição de idosos. Objetivo: assim, propõe-se a presente revisão de literatura, que tem como objetivo estreitar os conhecimentos que devem existir entre a Fonoaudiologia e a Odontologia, discorrendo sobre as evidências atuais e histórico-conceituais mais relevantes sobre deglutição que aproximam as duas especialidades, principalmente em indivíduos idosos. Revisão de literatura: foram incluídos no estudo 101 trabalhos, selecionados a partir das bases de dados Pub Med Central, Scientific Eletronic Library Online, Science Direct, SciELO, Periódico Capes e identificados até abril de 2018 em inglês, português e espanhol. Destaca-se entre os achados a crescente inserção da Odontologia na atuação da disfagia orofaríngea. A falta de cuidados coordenados na atenção ao idoso interfere no seu bem-estar geral e na sua qualidade de vida. Considerações finais: as evidências da literatura demonstram importante avanço na identificação, no diagnóstico e na reabilitação da disfagia orofaríngea, que, por meio da reabilitação bucal, demonstrou ser relevante na prevenção de alterações na deglutição. Palavras-chave: Deglutição. Disfagia. Envelhecimento. Fonoaudiologia. Odontologia. Therapy. Swallowing.

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Publicado
2018-08-15
Como Citar
Rech, R., de Goulart, B., Baumgarten, A., & Hilgert, J. (2018). Deglutição no envelhecimento e a odontologia. Revista Da Faculdade De Odontologia - UPF, 23(1). https://doi.org/10.5335/rfo.v23i1.8508
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Artigos