Linear polymerization shrinkage of Bulk Fill resins

Tereza Cristina Correia, Rodivan Braz da Silva, Manassés Tercio Vieira Grangeiro, Helen Tayná Noca de Souza, Lorem Krsna de Morais Sousa, Diala Aretha de Sousa Feitosa



Objective: the objective of the present study was to analyze the polymerization shrinkage gap of different composite resins. Methods: four commercial brands (n=5) were tested: Z350 (3M/ESPE); Filtek Bulk Fill (3M/ESPE); Surefill (Dentsply); Xtra Base (Voco). Increments of composite resins were inserted into a circular metal matrix of 7 mm internal diameter and 4 mm high and pressed by two glass plates supported on polyester strips. After photoactivation with a Optilight Plus device (Gnatus), with light intensity of 1000 ± 10mW/cm2, the test samples were polished and 24h later, taken to the scanning electron microscope for analysis of the polymerization shrinkage gap, measured at 4 points in the sample (3, 6, 9, and 12 o’clock). The data were analyzed by analysis of variance (Anova one-way). Results: the highest mean of polymerization shrinkage gap was observed for Filtek Z350 (3M/ESPE), while the lowest mean of gap was found for Xtra Base (Voco) brand, with significant differences between the groups. Conclusion: the inorganic filler content and different associations in the organic matrices interfered expressively in the polymerization shrinkage gap.
Keywords: Composite resins. Bulk Fill resins. Polymerization shrinkage.

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